Common Eye Problems: Understanding Symptoms And Causes

Common eye problems run the gamut from vision-related issues like near or farsightedness and color blindness to medical issues like styles, pink eye, and floaters. While some of these problems are more of a nuisance than others, most are correctable by glasses, contact lenses, or medication. 

In some cases, minor surgical procedures can also be done to correct problems. You can visit the Toronto & North York eye clinic if you have common eye problems.

Myopia

Commonly known as nearsightedness, people suffering from myopia have difficulty seeing objects far away. This is due to the eyeball being longer than normal. People who have myopia are either born with it, or it gradually becomes apparent as they age. It can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or laser surgery.

Hyperopia

Commonly known as farsightedness, hyperopia has the opposite effect of myopia. People can see far away objects clearly but cannot see small things close up. This generally develops with age and can be corrected with glasses, bifocals, trifocals, or contact lenses.

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Color Blindness

Color Blindness is an inherited disorder that is more common in men than in women. Most people who are color blind can make out colors but mix up hues. It is especially difficult for color blind people to distinguish between red and green or blue and yellow. Though this is not a serious condition, there is no cure for it.

Floaters

Floaters (muscae volitantes) are small bits of color or light that essentially float in front of your eyes. They come and go with eye movements such as blinking. Floaters can occur if the vitreous (a gel-like substance in your eye) clumps together, or if small bits of protein or other material gets trapped in it. 

As far as treatment goes, for severe cases, such as when the retina detaches, surgery is an option. For minor cases, simply blinking or moving your eyes around when floaters appear seems to alleviate them. If, however, you notice flashes of light accompanying the floater, seek medical attention as this could signify a detached retina.