As a medical cannabis patient, you’ve likely heard the terms “indica,” “Sativa,” or “hybrid.” Patients often find themselves wondering what these terms mean, what are the differences between them, and how they work from a medicinal standpoint.
Originally, there were two primary types of cannabis plants known as “cannabis Indica” and “cannabis Sativa.” After generations of crossbreeding it is rare to find pure Indica or pure Sativa dominant strains.
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Instead, most strains of cannabis are now Indica dominant, Sativa dominant, or hybrid. As expected, different plant genetics may lead to different medicinal effects.
Indica plants are typically shorter with wide leaves. Buds of an Indica plant will usually be dense. Patients will typically find that Indica based strains are more relaxing. An Indica strain will usually be associated with more bodily sensations. Therefore, these strains are often recommended for nighttime use.
Sativa plants are typically taller with long thin leaves. The bud of a Sativa plant is typically less dense and somewhat feathery. Sativa products usually come with a cerebral feeling. Traditionally, Sativa strains are more uplifting and euphoric and are recommended for daytime use.
A hybrid is a cannabis plant that is a crossbreed between an Indica and Sativa plant. There are very few cannabis strains that are of true Indica or true Sativa variety. Instead, most strains of cannabis are a hybrid of the two.
Within this subset, there can be Indica dominant, and Sativa dominant strains. There are also hybrid strains that are a relatively even Indica/Sativa split.